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What is Insulation Material and its Uses

Many people make the mistake of not taking insulation seriously. They think that they only need the insulation layer to work just fine. They severely underestimate the materials and maintenance cost.

Several insulation materials are essential for a building. They are thermal and sound. And if you plan to have a studio, you should look for acoustic insulation.

What is insulation materials?

In short, it is the material that works as a buffer inside the walls. It acts as extra protection for your house from the temperature outside. These materials can help you stay warm in the winter and cool during summer.

What is Insulation Material
What is Insulation Material

Benefits of insulation

Having insulation can provide several benefits. Here are to name a few.

  • Controlling the temperature inside the house

You may still need to install a heater and air conditioner for your house. But in general, your place will stay warm enough to keep you comfortable.

  • Fire-proofing your house

Some insulators also have fire-retardant qualities. But keep in mind that it doesn’t mean it’s total fireproof. It only means that your walls and roof will last a little longer during the fire.

  • Keeping the maintenance cost low

Having a good insulator means you don’t have to spend a lot of money on the heater and air conditioners. You can save up to 75% on maintenance costs for one year.

  • Adding the house value

You can have a higher ROI value by installing the right insulation material. On average, the initial cost from the installation will return within six months to two years.

Which is the example of insulating material?

Many materials can work as insulation. However, you still need to know which materials can give you the best result for the price. Here are several insulation materials that you may have encountered.

  • Polyurethane Foam
  • Mineral Wool
  • Cardboard
  • Foam boards
  • Fiberglass
  • Polystyrene (EPS)

What is the most common insulating material?

There are some materials that you can find in any building supply store. As some of them are affordable and you can install them yourself. 

  • Fiberglass
  • polystyrene
  • cellulose
  • Mineral wool

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What are the 4 main types of insulation used in homes?

Depending on how big a house is, there are various types of insulation that you can choose. However, four main types are popular, especially in a residential area.

  • Blanket
  • Rigid foam or fiber
  • Sprayed foam
  • Structural Insulation Panels

Several insulation materials are applicable through multiple types. For example, fiberglass and mineral wool. You can install them using the blanket type or a rigid fiber type. 

Please remember that some types require a professional HVAC to do the installation. As it’s common to wear protective gear when installing an insulation layer.

What are thermal insulation materials?

Thermal insulation works to control the temperature inside the room. As you know, 25% of the heat goes inside your house through the roof, and 15% is from the walls. 

These materials can block most of the heat from getting inside the house. In general, most insulation materials can do this. But the most affordable ones are fiberglass and Polystyrene foam (EPS). 

What are sound insulation materials?

Unlike heat, sound requires a different type of insulation. With heat, it is only a matter of transferring the energy to a comfortable level. But sound requires a complete block of sound.

Most common sound insulations are great for soundproofing. Depending on how much noise cancellation you need, you can choose from the options below. 

  • Mass loaded vinyl
  • Soundproof sheetrock
  • Green glue vibration dampening compound
Sound Insulation
Sound Insulation

What are acoustic insulation materials?

One thing to keep in mind is the difference between soundproofing and acoustic insulation. People often use both terms interchangeably when they refer to different usage. Here are some examples.

  • Foam panels
  • Wood wools
  • acoustical panels

As you can see, they are different from the sound insulation ones. That is because these materials only absorb instead of blocking the sound. Thus it has a different effect in the room. 

What insulation material is most efficient?

So far, the most efficient insulation material is the Pyrogel XT. This industrial insulation works with less than 80% thickness of other materials. To illustrate, people usually have to install 1-inch thick fiberglass as insulation. With Pyrogel XT, they only need to do 0.5-0.2 inches.

Is Copper an insulating material?

Copper is a conductor and not an insulator. It transfers heat and electricity throughout the material. That is why you see copper as the main material for cables and other wiring products.

What is the best insulator?

The best insulator is the one that can work the best within your budget. But it doesn’t mean that you can trim some edges by cutting down the insulation budget.

  • Aerogel

This is the best insulator that money can buy. It can hold up to 2000 degrees Fahrenheit. And even essential to NASA spaceships.

  • Pyrogel

This gel can be difficult to attain, but it’s very effective and efficient. It’s great for large buildings since it can cover a lot of space for a small amount.

  • Polyurethane Foam

This insulation is lightweight and fire-retardant. It uses non-CFC gas as a blowing agent to fill the space. This material works as a sound insulator as well. However, it can be expensive to have and install.

  • Cellulose

Eco-friendly and fireproof. This natural material is one of the favorite insulators to many. However, it can be difficult to apply on an uneven surface.

  • Fiberglass

This is the most popular option since it’s affordable, eco-friendly, fire-retardant, and easy to work with. Many people often choose to install fiberglass insulation by themselves. 

Thermal insulation materials for buildings

A larger building requires a different type of insulation from a house. It requires a different technique, and perhaps a different set of materials as well.

However, it also needs to comply with the regulation on the climate zone. You need to check if the location requires extra or specific insulation. 


Insulation covers a wide array of options. Keep in mind that a residential building has different needs than a larger commercial one. Therefore, it needs different insulation to install. 

And if you’re looking to build a studio in the house, you can start looking for which acoustic insulation you want to add to the room.

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